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Wednesday, December 23, 2020

Micah (LXX) Notes

[Chapter 1]

The prophecy of Micah (Mikea in Hebrew) concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. Micah's name means "Who is like Yahweh?". Written give or take around 750 BC right before the Assyrians take over. This is in the same days as Amos and Hosea when this prophet preaches. 

God is coming out of His holy place to visit and judge and sort things out. 

A Day of the Lord is coming because of Israel's sins and apostasy. 

Samaria and Jerusalem will be judged for idolatry and the sins of impiety.

Other nations are told not to boast because the same judgment that befalls Samaria and Jerusalem shall come for them (1:10).

A reference to the evil serpent's curse will be used. 

The origin of their sins come from them ultimately but also from them letting the other nations influence them to be like them and do evil. They were called to be a special people and follow Yahweh but instead have chosen to soil themselves and be filthy like the other nations do and dwell in darkness instead of God's Light.

[Chapter 2]

Divine Council is mentioned in Chapter 2, verse 5 - Do not bother weeping for it was to happen. They cannot hide with the mountains either. All will be dealt with and they will face judgment. 

2.12-13 - Messianic prophecy is found here. A remnant will be saved. A Messiah will be raised and lead them out of captivity. 

[Chapter 3]

Wicked leaders of Israel are being condemned. They devour them and are compared to cannibals. Jerusalem's temple will be destroyed. 

[Chapter 4]

The mountain of the Lord in the future is mentioned. Part of this Day of the Lord prophesied about says that one day a Messiah comes who shall make all nations worship God (4:1-3). 

Yahweh is the god of all people. This concept of the Jews spreading the Law and the Torah is non-existant today in modern Judaism and especially Zionism (4:3-13).

Restoration is promised to come to Israel through the new people of God to come, His holy remnant (4:6-10). 

Restoration of Israel will result in all nations coming to Him. Right now there will be a judgment but one day Israel will be the one to judge. We can see this fulfilled through Christ with the Church today which is the New Israel. The Church today reigns with Christ amidst His enemies until the 2nd Coming and partakes in the first resurrection and awaits the 2nd (Matthew 24-25; Rev 20-22; Psalm 110 for reference). 

[Chapter 5]

Someone is coming who will be born in Bethelehem who will judge the nations. From the beginnings of genesis and creation and eternity; this can only be the Word of God. To the 1st Century Jew, this was a clear Messianic reference. The Messiah will be born from there. 

5:3-4 - Prophecy of Mary bearing Christ is found here. 

5:5-15 - This Messiah through the Lord, who seems to also be the Lord, is taking down and conquering cities. He references Cain and Nimrod, builders of these cities, representations of human structures who try to govern themselves versus letting God be the one to do so. 

[Chapter 6]

Micah makes his case against Israel to show that they are guilty. "He will depart and not be noticed". They listened to Ahab but not to Him. 

[Chapter 7]

Jesus quotes Micah 5:2 and 7:6 in the New Testament. He will rise. This judgment shall bring restoration. 

7:17 - The Gentiles will see the restoration and follow Yahweh (7:17-20). They are not better than what they were before but they are forgiven and thus cleansed and purged of their sins. 

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